‘The anatomy of pain – Emotions consist of general components that are also elicited by similar impressions and specific components’, https://www.mpg.de/10395332/pain-components, MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT (March 18, 2016).
Researchers (…) have now proposed a new theory that describes pain as a multi-layered gradual event which consists of specific pain components, such as a burning sensation in the hand, and more general components, such as negative emotions. A comparison of the brain activation patterns during both experiences could clarify which components the empathic response shares with real pain. (…) Specific information (…) tells us that pain (…) is involved, and whether the pain is being experienced by you or someone else. (…) The fact that our brain processes pain and other unpleasant events simultaneously for the most part, no matter if they are experienced by us or someone else, is very important for social interactions (…) because it helps to us understand what others are experiencing.